To understand the political and social ruptures that Josué Guébo addresses, it is essential to have a little history. In 2011, the year My country, tonight was published, reconciliation efforts led to the Ivory Coast’s first presidential election in nearly a decade. Ethnic violence had characterized a 2002-2007 civil war, after which a north/south division remained informally. The 2011 election gave way to five months of violence referred to as the second civil war. While Guébo is interested in the questions of national identity that have tormented the country, rather than directly address questions of ethnic difference Guébo has expanded the political discourse; he sees the violence as a condition of the neocolonialism that Kwame Nkrumah forecasted as the last stage of Imperialism in Africa.